Lautaro's Biography Lautaro (original name Leftraru) was a Mapuche military chief who confronted the Spanish troops of Pedro de Valdivia who tried to occupy and colonize Chile. He was the protagonist of the Arauco War that lasted for many years. It is estimated that he was born around 1534 in some
Hernando de Luque Biography.
. Biography of Hernando de Luque Hernando de Luque was a Spanish priest born in Morón de la Frontera (Seville-Spain) in the last decades of the 15th century who worked mainly in Panama during the rule of Pedrarias Dávila and who partnered with Pizarro and Almagro for the conquest of Peru. In 1514
Diego de Almagro Biography.
Diego de Almagro Biography Summary Childhood Panamá Conquest of Perú Chile Cuzco Historical significance Summary Diego de Almagro was a conquistador, adelantado, governor and discoverer of Chile. He was born in 1480 in the province of Ciudad Real (Castile), it is disputed whether in the town of Almagro or Malagón. His real
Biography of Pedro de Valdivia.
Biography of Pedro de Valdivia Summary Family Europe Indies Historical importance Summary Pedro de Valdivia was a Spanish military officer, conqueror and politician of Extremaduran origin, specifically from Castuera (La Serena district, Badajoz, Extremadura) born in 1500. At a very young age he enlisted and took part in the Italian wars in Europe
The Indianan Doubt.
The black antispanish legend.
Definition of black legend According to the Real Academia de la Lengua Española a legend is a "Narration of fantastic events that is transmitted by tradition" and going a little further a black legend is an "Unfavorable and generally unfounded story about someone or something". In the case we are dealing
The New Indias Law of 1542.
Biography of the viceroy Antonio de Mendoza.
Biography of the viceroy Antonio de Mendoza Location of birth: Antonio de Mendoza was born on September 12,1490 in Mondéjar (Guadalajara - Spain) Location of death: Antonio de Mendoza died on July 21,1552 in Lima (Virreinato del Perú). Positions held: - Commander of the Order of Santiago. - Councillor of the town hall and treasurer of the
Biography of Pedro de la Gasca.
Biography of Pedro de la Gasca Location of birth: Pedro de la Gasca was born in August 1493 in Navarregadilla (Ávila - Spain) Location of death: Pedro de la Gasca died on November 13,1567 in Sigüenza (Guadalajara - Spain). Positions held: - Mayor of Panama and Name of God (1546). - Governor of the Viceroyalty of Peru
Biography of Blasco Núñez de Vela.
Biography of Blasco Núñez de Vela Location of birth: Blasco Núñez de Vela was born in 1495 in Ávila (Spain) Location of death: Blasco Núñez de Vela died on January 18th,1546 in Quito (Virreinato del Perú). Positions held: - Corregidor of Málaga and Cuenca. - Gentleman of the Order of Santiago. - First captain general of the Indian
Biography of Gonzalo Pizarro.
Biography of Gonzalo Pizarro Location of birth: Gonzalo Pizarro was born in 1510 in Trujillo (Cáceres - Spain) Location of death: Gonzalo Pizarro died on April 10,1548 in Cuzco, Peru. Positions held: - Governor of Quito from 1540 to 1542. - Lieutenant governor general of Cuzco in 1544. - Governor of Peru from 1544 to 1548. - Encomendero en
Biography of Francisco de Vitoria.
Biography of Francisco de Vitoria Location of birth: Francisco de Vitoria was born on 1492 in Burgos (Spain). Location of death: Francisco de Vitoria died in August 12th,1546 in Salamanca (Spain). Positions held: - Professor of Theology in Paris and Valladolid. - Càtedra de Prima of the University of Salamanca in 1523. Most relevant facts starring Francisco de
Biography of Bartolomé de las Casas.
Biography of Fray Bartolomé de las Casas Location of birth: Bartolomé de las Casas was born in 1484 in Seville (Spain). Location of death: Bartolomé de las Casas died in 18th July 1566 in Madrid (Spain). Positions held: - Ordained priest in 1506. - Bishop of Chiapas (Nueva España) from March 30th,1544 to August 1550. - Protector of
Biography of Carlos I of Spain and V of Germany.
Biography of Carlos I Location of birth: Carlos I was born on February 24th,1500 in Ghent, Flanders, Holy Roman Empire Germanic. Location of death: Carlos I died on September 21th,1558 in the Monastery of Yuste (Cuacos de Yuste - Spain). Positions held: - In 1515 he was appointed governor of the states of the Habsburg House:
The Council of the Indies, the government of Spanish America.
The Royal and Supreme Council of Indies was the most important regulatory organization for political, administrative and legal activities in the Indies. Among its functions were executive, legislative and judicial, as well as advising the King on decisions affecting the Spanish overseas territories. From the beginning of the conquest and colonization