The New Indian Laws of 1542 or "New Indian Laws and ordinances newly made by their majesty for the governorship of the Indies and good treatment and conservation of Indians" are a compilation of the legislation that has been applied in the New World since the beginning of the conquest.
The Royal and Supreme Council of Indies was the most important regulatory organization for political, administrative and legal activities in the Indies. Among its functions were executive, legislative and judicial, as well as advising the King on decisions affecting the Spanish overseas territories. From the beginning of the conquest and colonization
The expedition organized and led by the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan was the first circumnavigation of the World of history. But he could not complete it because he died in a confrontation with the natives in the Philippines Islands. Juan Sebastian Elcano, who captained the expedition from Tidore to Spain,
Christopher Columbus organized four trips or expeditions to the New World. Three of these trips were exploratory and one colonizer, specifically the second. These voyages of Christopher Columbus, whose objective was to find a route to Asian products in order to trade by sailing west, have been greatly glorified. Instead